Success Stories

Success Stories 1 : Shri Ram Vilas Yadav

General information about the farmer

Name of Farmer

Shri Ram Vilas Yadav

Father’s Name

Shri Budhu Lal

Full Address

Village-Pure Gosai
Post-Kuchariy
Distt.-Raebareli-229001


Previous Status of the Farmers

Status of Farmer

Mr Ram Vilas Yadav has been in the category of low income group of farmers. His yearly income prior to his constructive engagement with the KVK was forty five thousand rupees per year. As he rarely ventured into modern practice of cultivation of crops.

Crop Rotation

Rice-Wheat, Rice-Mustard

Total Cultivated Area

0.8 ha

Year of linkage with KVK

2011

Source of Income

Agriculture

Present Status of farmer

Change in Agriculture

The farmer decided to venture into mentha cultivation. Thus mentha cultivation yielded appreciable change in agriculture income. The farmer successfully replaced old mentha variety Kosi with the new variety Cim Saryu. He reduced area under wheat cultivation to 2000 meter square. While he placed 6000 meter square area under mentha cultivation.

Change in Cultivable Area

There was no change in cultivable area. While mentha got appreciable share in total cultivable area.

Role of University and KVK in Relation to the Changes

The farmer was actively involved by the KVK. Considering mentha has great economic value be also provide him training and expert advice by scientist. The farmer was helped to be in touch with the scientist of the CIMAP.

Technology

  1. Replacement of old variety Kosi with more productive variety Cim Saryu.
  2. Soil application of feruss sulphate.
  3. Split doses of nitrogen application for the entire period of mentha cultivation.
  4. Change in income: The farmer got about one lac rupees from selling mentha oil in the market. This increase was almost 100 percent more than previous income of the farmer.

Economic Calculation

Annual expenditure and income data: Total oil produce 155 kg (Double cut). Thus total income from selling mentha oil 155 kg (@ 900/kg) was one lakh thirty nine thousand five hundred rupees.

Expenditure Data of Mentha Cultivation

  • Root Sucker = 15000.00 Rupees.
  • Land Preparation = 5000.00 Rupees
  • FYM = 1200.00 Rupees
  • NPK = 6844.00 Rupees
  • Irrigation = 4000.00 Rupees
  • Hoeing and Weeding = 5000.00 Rupees
  • Harvesting = 2500.00 Rupees.
  • Total Expenditure : 39544.00 Rupees
  • Profit

    Total Income = 139500.00 Rupees.

    Total Expenditure = 39544.00 Rupees.

    Net Profit = 99956.00 Rupees.

    Change in Life Standard

    Thus the farmer got applicable profit form mentha cultivation. He has substantially and significantly improved his living standard and of his family.



    Success Stories 2 :

    Cultivation of Broccoli

    Broccoli is one of the most important vegetable crop all over the world. It has lot of minerals and vitamin-A. Glucosinolate present in broccoli has cancer curing medicinal properties. American cancer society has found consumption of broccoli reduces risk of cancer. Government of India has launched food security programs to reduce malnutrition. Considering the above facts Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Raebareli introduced among the farmers broccoli cultivation.

    Success Story of a Raebareli Farmer

    Ram Gopal Singh, of Village- Barsawan, Block- Uchahar, District- Raebareli, State- Uttar Pradesh (Mobile No. 08299865259) has created a new benchmark in the production of broccoli.

    Techniques Adopted

    1. Soil sterilization in the month of May. After three deep ploughing, soil was lightly irrigated and covered by black coloured plastic sheet.
    2. Variety used was Aria.
    3. Seed treatment by Tebuconazole.
    4. Sowing of seed in October.
    5. Application of FYM 20 tonnes per hectare.
    6. Chemical fertilizers were used for supplying 110kg. Nitrogen, 70kg. Phosphorus and 90kg. Potash per hectare. Half nitrogen, full phosphorus and potassium was applied at the time of land preparation. Remaining nitrogen was applied in two split dose at 30 and 50 days interval.
    7. Boron and Molybdenum was applied after 30 days. Borax 2 gram per liter and Ammonium molybdate 1 gram per liter application increased head size and growth rate.
    8. Compact head of broccoli was harvested.

    As per information given by the farmers the cost of cultivation and cost benefit ratio being worked out approximately as follows.

    1. Total cost of cultivation for = Rs. 2,50,000/-
    2. Average yield / ha = 20 MT
    3. Average Market Rate = Rs. 10/Kg
    4. Total Income = Rs. 5,00,000/-
    5. Net Income = Rs. 2,50,000/-
    6. Cost Benefit Ratio = 1:2

    With this net income the beneficiaries plan to increase the area under this crop and other vegetables for sustainable production. This success has drawn the attention of other neighboring farmers in this area.



    Success Stories 3 : Shri Om Prakash

    General information about the farmer

    Name of Farmer

    Shri Om Prakash

    Father’s Name

    Shri Sunder Lal

    Full Address

    Village-Pure Ummed
    Post-Dedaur, Block-Sataon
    Distt.-Raebareli-229001


    Previous Status of the farmers

    Status of Farmer

    Previous the farmer’s status was normal. He grows food grains. After selling the food grain he meats his all expenditure. So that during that time he was facing problem of money. He was facing so many problems in education of his children, marriage of children, poor medical facilities and less expenditure on cloth purchasing of his family members.

    Crop Rotation

    Paddy-Wheat, Paddy-Mustard/grain/pea
    Jowar-green fodder –Potato, Paddy-Barseem green fodder/p>

    Total Cultivated Area

    2.0 ha

    Year of linkage with KVK

    2009

    Source of Income

    Agriculture and animal husbandry

    Present Status of Farmer

    1. Change in agriculture: Earlier the farmer was producing food grain on large area and very less area was under green fodder cultivation. But now he has increase the area of green fodder cultivation and decrease the area under food grain cultivation.
    2. Change in cultivable area: Before coming in contact of KVK the farmer was cultivating food grain in 1.875 ha area and green fodder in 0.125 ha area. That time the farmer had two cows. But now the farmer is cultivating food grain in 1.75 ha and green fodder in 0.25 ha area. Now he is rearing five milking cows. Previously the milk yield was 5.5 lit/cow/day. But in present time has cows are giving about 14 lit milk/day/cow. He is hazing Jersy and Sahiwal coss.
    3. Role of KVK in rotation to the change: Before contact to the KVK the farmer was growing many crops. And very less area was under green fodder cultivation. He has also two cows for milk yield. But their breed was not so good. Therefore his milk yield was poor. After coming in contact to KVK the farmer has taken tracing about green fodder cultivation and high yielding cows breeds. Then he increased fodder production area and number of cows with Jersey and Sahiwal breeds. Then he started to grow good quality green fodder. He adopted the deworming of his animals, balance feeding to animals according to their milk yield, timely breeding of animals and feeding of mineral mixture to animals for compensation of mineral deficiency in animals.
    4. Change in income: Earlier the farmer has only two milch animals and they are giving only about 5 lit milk/day/animal. Then he was selling milk as such. So that he could not earn much money. But after coming in contact of KVK he increases his animals. And they are giving more milk. The farmer stopped the selling of milk as such.
      He started to prepare khoya and sells the khoya. The khoya selling is more profitable than whole milk selling. Therefore the income of farmer is increased much more than previously he was getting. The demand of khoya is always more in market. So the farmer gets naturally more income.

    Economic Calculation

    Annual expenditure and income data

    The farmer has 5 milch animals

    Annual expenditure on five cows

    Purchase of five cows: Rs. 23500 x 5Cow = Rs. 115000.00

    Feeding

    1. wheat straw= 10kg/cow/day=10kg x5=50 kg wheat straw
      50 kg wheat straw x Rs. 5/kg= Rs. 250/day.
      Rs. 250 x 365 day = Rs. 91250.00
    2. Green fodder= 2kg x 5 animal xRs.10x365 day= Rs.36500.00
    3. Grinded grain= 2 kg x 5 animal x Rs. 17 x 365 day= 62050.00
    4. Pashu Ahar= 5 kg x 5 animal x Rs. 14 x 365 day = Rs.127750.00
    5. .Mustard cake = 0.5 kg x 5 animal x Rs. 15 x 365 day= Rs. 13688.00

    Expenditure on medicines = Rs. 500 x 5 animal = 2500.00

    Total annual expenditure (1+2+3+4+5) = Rs. 448738.00


    Annual Income from Five Cows

    1. Milk = 14 kg milk/cow/day = 14kg x 5 animal = 70 kg milk
      Milk yield in one year = 70 kg milk x 365 day = 25550 kg milk.
      Khoya from 25550 kg of milk = 5110 kg Khoya.
      Income from 5110 kg khoya = 5110 kg x Rs. 150 = Rs. 766500.00
    2. Value of 5 cows = Rs.21000 x 5 animal = Rs. 105000.00
    3. Income from compost = Rs. 5000.00
      Total income (a+b+c) = Rs. 766500+ Rs. 105000 + Rs. 5000 = Rs. 876500.00

    Net Profit (Total income-Total expenditure) = Rs. (876500.00- 448738) = Rs. 427762.00


    Change in life Standard

    Now the farmer is living a good. He is able to send his children in best school. He can arrange all functions very easily. Medical treatment capacity of his family is rapidly improved. He can expand money on marriage of his children. Now the farmer and his family is living very good life and getting all opportunities for his success.



    Success Stories 4 : Shri Maan Singh Patel

    General Information About The Farmer

    Name of Farmer

    Shri Maan Singh Patel

    Father’s Name

    Shri Asarfi Lal

    Full Address

    Village - Mohaddipur
    Post - Matiha
    Distt. - Raebareli
    PIN - 229001


    Previous Status Of The Farmer

    1. Status of Farmer : Sri Maan Singh Patel is a marginal farmer having 6 Beegha (1.5ha) of land. He was growing crops like Paddy, Wheat, Mustard, Urd etc. After selling the agricultural produce he just get only cost he has spent on crop cultivation. So that during that time he was facing problem of money. He was facing so many problems in education of his children, marriage of children, poor medical facilities and less expenditure on cloth purchasing of his family members.
    2. Crop Rotation :
      Paddy – Wheat – Urd
      Paddy – Toriya – Mentha
      Paddy – Mustard – Mentha
      Paddy – Potato - Cucurbitacae
    3. Total Cultivated Area : 1.5 ha
    4. Year of Linkage with KVK : 2008
    5. Source of Income : Agriculture

    Present Status of Farmer

    Change in Agriculture : Earlier the farmer practice of producing food grains was based on his traditional knowledge. In September 2008 as Shri Maan Singh came in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra he was motivated by KVK Scientist to cultivate agricultural crops scientifically and think it professionally. Shri Maan Singh was convinced to select crop varieties on need based as time of sowing whether it is timely or late situation, soil condition whether it is normal soil or soil affected by salts. Balanced use of fertilizer with use organic manures and biofertilizer viz. Rhizobium culture in pulse crop and Azotobactor & PSB culture in cereal and oilseed crops, use of zypsum in oilseeds and pulse crops. Timely use of herbicides and plant protection chemicals so as to give crops favorable condition and finally to get higher yield. With all these farmer introduced cucurbits and Mentha crop in his crop rotation. Now he is growing crops scientifically keeping in mind all suitable agronomic practices and getting higher returns comparing to previous practices.

    Change in cultivable area : There is no change in cultivable area though due to adopting scientific agronomic practices he is getting better yield and better returns from his produce.

    Role of KVK in relatation to the changes : After coming in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra and KVK Scientists Shri Maan Singh with their fellow farmers of village Mohiddinpur attended so many On-Campus training at KVK and KVK Scientist visited there village for Off-Campus training and conducted OFTs and FLDs in farmers field. Shri Maan Singh with their fellow farmers of village Mohiddinpur visited twice or thrice at CSAUA&T, Kanpur to attend farmers fair and from their together with getting new information also collected seeds of Wheat, Paddy and Vegetable crops. Attended so many sponsored training of different NGOs, Govt. and Non-Govt. agencies viz. Krishi Vibhag, Hrticulture Dept., IFFCO, IPL, FFDC, Kannauj, Central Ware Housing Ltd. New Delhi etc. All these things help the farmer to change their mentality towards agriculture and do the things which are beneficial for their agricultural practices.

    Technology Adopted

    1. Line sowing of wheat through Seed drill .
    2. Sowing of Paddy through SRI techniques.
    3. Sown Salt tolerant var. of wheat viz. Raj 3765 and Raj 4 120 in salt affected field and late sown variety Halna and Unnat Halna in late sown condition.
    4. Sown Salt tolerant var. of Paddy viz. CSR 36 & CSR 43 in salt affected field and Hybrid rice of var. PHB-71, Proagro-6444 and DRH-775 .
    5. Use of Bio agent viz. Trichoderma virdae and Bavaria Bassiana to prevent crop from fungal diseases and attack of termite .
    6. Use of Biofertilizer viz. Rhizobium culture in pulse crop and Azotobactor & PSB culture in cereal and oilseed crops, prepration of vermin and NADEP compost and its application on soil so as to improve soil fertility and to reduce use of chemical fertilizer.

    Increase in income/Change in income : Now there is increase in net return of farmer as now he is trying to do best for getting higher returns. From the following table it is cleared that annually he is selling produce worth rupees 2.167 lakh and after subtracting all of his expense in producing crops he is getting about 1.237 lakh per annum.


    Economical Analysis

    S.N. Crop Area Production Cost of Culivation Sale of Produce Net Profit
    1 Paddy 6 Beegha 90 Quintal 42000.00 94500.00 52500.00
    2 Wheat 4 Beegha 36 Quintal 24000.00 43200.00 19200.00
    3 Toriya 1 Beegha 2.5 Quintal 3000.00 6000.00 3000.00
    4 Mustard 1 Beegha 3 Quintal 4000.00 9000.00 5000.00
    5 Mentha 2 Beegha 60 Kg 18000.00 54000.00 36000.00
    6 Cucurbits 15 Biswa 2000.00 10000.00 8000.00
    Total 93000.00 216700.00 123700.00

    Change in Life Standard : Now the farmer is motivated and he has improved his living of standard . He is able to take care of his children and his family in a better way. He has managed underground pipeline system for irrigating his crop, in this way water loss is saved. He has done his personnel boring, previously it was joint in system that creates problem in timely irrigating of crops. In future he is going to purchase seed drill for line sowing of crops and also he is planning for purchase of new tractor as presently he is dependent on his elder brother due to which his timely sowing is suffered.

    Dr. R. K. Kanojia

    Subject Matter Specialist (Agronomy)