Shri Ram Vilas Yadav
Shri Budhu Lal
Mr Ram Vilas Yadav has been in the category of low income group of farmers. His yearly income prior to his constructive engagement with the KVK was forty five thousand rupees per year. As he rarely ventured into modern practice of cultivation of crops.
Change in Agriculture
The farmer decided to venture into mentha cultivation. Thus mentha cultivation yielded appreciable change in agriculture income. The farmer successfully replaced old mentha variety Kosi with the new variety Cim Saryu. He reduced area under wheat cultivation to 2000 meter square. While he placed 6000 meter square area under mentha cultivation.
Change in Cultivable Area
There was no change in cultivable area. While mentha got appreciable share in total cultivable area.
Role of University and KVK in Relation to the Changes
The farmer was actively involved by the KVK. Considering mentha has great economic value be also provide him training and expert advice by scientist. The farmer was helped to be in touch with the scientist of the CIMAP.
Annual expenditure and income data: Total oil produce 155 kg (Double cut). Thus total income from selling mentha oil 155 kg (@ 900/kg) was one lakh thirty nine thousand five hundred rupees.
Total Income = 139500.00 Rupees.
Total Expenditure = 39544.00 Rupees.
Net Profit = 99956.00 Rupees.
Thus the farmer got applicable profit form mentha cultivation. He has substantially and significantly improved his living standard and of his family.
Broccoli is one of the most important vegetable crop all over the world. It has lot of minerals and vitamin-A. Glucosinolate present in broccoli has cancer curing medicinal properties. American cancer society has found consumption of broccoli reduces risk of cancer. Government of India has launched food security programs to reduce malnutrition. Considering the above facts Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Raebareli introduced among the farmers broccoli cultivation.
Ram Gopal Singh, of Village- Barsawan, Block- Uchahar, District- Raebareli, State- Uttar Pradesh (Mobile No. 08299865259) has created a new benchmark in the production of broccoli.
As per information given by the farmers the cost of cultivation and cost benefit ratio being worked out approximately as follows.
With this net income the beneficiaries plan to increase the area under this crop and other vegetables for sustainable production. This success has drawn the attention of other neighboring farmers in this area.
Shri Om Prakash
Shri Sunder Lal
Previous the farmer’s status was normal. He grows food grains. After selling the food grain he meats his all expenditure. So that during that time he was facing problem of money. He was facing so many problems in education of his children, marriage of children, poor medical facilities and less expenditure on cloth purchasing of his family members.
Jowar-green fodder –Potato, Paddy-Barseem green fodder/p>
Agriculture and animal husbandry
The farmer has 5 milch animals
Purchase of five cows: Rs. 23500 x 5Cow = Rs. 115000.00
Expenditure on medicines = Rs. 500 x 5 animal = 2500.00
Total annual expenditure (1+2+3+4+5) = Rs. 448738.00
Net Profit (Total income-Total expenditure) = Rs. (876500.00- 448738) = Rs. 427762.00
Now the farmer is living a good. He is able to send his children in best school. He can arrange all functions very easily. Medical treatment capacity of his family is rapidly improved. He can expand money on marriage of his children. Now the farmer and his family is living very good life and getting all opportunities for his success.
Shri Maan Singh Patel
Shri Asarfi Lal
Village - Mohaddipur
Post - Matiha
Distt. - Raebareli
PIN - 229001
Change in Agriculture : Earlier the farmer practice of producing food grains was based on his traditional knowledge. In September 2008 as Shri Maan Singh came in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra he was motivated by KVK Scientist to cultivate agricultural crops scientifically and think it professionally. Shri Maan Singh was convinced to select crop varieties on need based as time of sowing whether it is timely or late situation, soil condition whether it is normal soil or soil affected by salts. Balanced use of fertilizer with use organic manures and biofertilizer viz. Rhizobium culture in pulse crop and Azotobactor & PSB culture in cereal and oilseed crops, use of zypsum in oilseeds and pulse crops. Timely use of herbicides and plant protection chemicals so as to give crops favorable condition and finally to get higher yield. With all these farmer introduced cucurbits and Mentha crop in his crop rotation. Now he is growing crops scientifically keeping in mind all suitable agronomic practices and getting higher returns comparing to previous practices.
Change in cultivable area : There is no change in cultivable area though due to adopting scientific agronomic practices he is getting better yield and better returns from his produce.
Role of KVK in relatation to the changes : After coming in contact with Krishi Vigyan Kendra and KVK Scientists Shri Maan Singh with their fellow farmers of village Mohiddinpur attended so many On-Campus training at KVK and KVK Scientist visited there village for Off-Campus training and conducted OFTs and FLDs in farmers field. Shri Maan Singh with their fellow farmers of village Mohiddinpur visited twice or thrice at CSAUA&T, Kanpur to attend farmers fair and from their together with getting new information also collected seeds of Wheat, Paddy and Vegetable crops. Attended so many sponsored training of different NGOs, Govt. and Non-Govt. agencies viz. Krishi Vibhag, Hrticulture Dept., IFFCO, IPL, FFDC, Kannauj, Central Ware Housing Ltd. New Delhi etc. All these things help the farmer to change their mentality towards agriculture and do the things which are beneficial for their agricultural practices.
Increase in income/Change in income : Now there is increase in net return of farmer as now he is trying to do best for getting higher returns. From the following table it is cleared that annually he is selling produce worth rupees 2.167 lakh and after subtracting all of his expense in producing crops he is getting about 1.237 lakh per annum.
|S.N.||Crop||Area||Production||Cost of Culivation||Sale of Produce||Net Profit|
|1||Paddy||6 Beegha||90 Quintal||42000.00||94500.00||52500.00|
|2||Wheat||4 Beegha||36 Quintal||24000.00||43200.00||19200.00|
|3||Toriya||1 Beegha||2.5 Quintal||3000.00||6000.00||3000.00|
|4||Mustard||1 Beegha||3 Quintal||4000.00||9000.00||5000.00|
|5||Mentha||2 Beegha||60 Kg||18000.00||54000.00||36000.00|
Change in Life Standard : Now the farmer is motivated and he has improved his living of standard . He is able to take care of his children and his family in a better way. He has managed underground pipeline system for irrigating his crop, in this way water loss is saved. He has done his personnel boring, previously it was joint in system that creates problem in timely irrigating of crops. In future he is going to purchase seed drill for line sowing of crops and also he is planning for purchase of new tractor as presently he is dependent on his elder brother due to which his timely sowing is suffered.
Subject Matter Specialist (Agronomy)